Tid Bits on CS production using LVDC
" Colloidal Silver
generators do not use electrolysis by the classical definition of the term with the passage of an electric current through an electrolyte with subsequent migration of positively and negatively charged ions to the negative and positive electrodes."
"With only distilled water involved, it is presumed that a form of self-starting electrolysis occurs. Distilled water must be broken down into Hydrogen ions."
"Electrolysis of distilled water requires excess energy in the form of overpotential (a complex function describing the charge transfer kinetics of an electrochemical reaction in terms of thermodynamics) to overcome various activation barriers. Without excess energy the electrolysis of pure water occurs very slowly or not at all. This is in part due to the limited self-ionization of water. Pure water has an electrical conductivity about one millionth that of seawater."
"Assuming ideal efficiency, the amount of hydrogen generated is twice the amount of oxygen, and both are proportional to the total electrical charge conducted by the solution."
"To overcome the 1 million ohms of resistivity of the water (so silver ions can flow), distilled water breaks down into carbonic acid, due to agitation (stirring or aeration) and contact with atmospheric air. Here is the first electrolyte required in order to form H+ (Hydrogen ions) and OH-, H2+ ions and O-, H3O+ (Hydronium ion) and OH- from 2H20 becoming Hydronium ions and Hydroxide ion, H2+(gas) and O-(gas) (if sufficient power is present)."
"Both Hydrogen ions and Hydronium ions acidify the water further increasing (over time) the conductivity of water and the Hydroxide ions alkalize the water and also add conductivity."
"Observation by multiple thousands of Colloidal Silver
generator owners, observe silver oxide, silver hydroxide, and hydrated silver oxide form on the electrode(s), but primarily on the wire that donates silver. These tarnishes form but do not go into liquid, and also are insoluble."