"The correct question is how much of the solution is Ionic (AG+) or simply particles with no charge (AG)."
Ionic silver are not complete atoms of silver and therefore are not silver particles. The 1% to 10% of colloidal particles in the mix are the only effective particles.
"I've also read that binding ionic silver into particulate clumps isn't the same as Colloidal Silver particles - and less effective because of the charge."
>>> This only happens when you run too much current through the solution, causing large silver clumps to break off of your silver wire. The laser beam shines BRIGHTLY in a lighted room, and the color turns yellow or even brown. We call this Silver MUD.
Actually I meant the remaining particles in the mix of our ionic silver batches. And perhaps also the ionic silver that uses a reducing agent to form what they call "colloidal silver". Some say it's regular colloidal silver, others call it "protein colloidal silver" (with huge particles and can actually spread bacteria), or agglomerations of ionic silver.
Yes confusing as H*ll and made worse by manufactures creating most of the informational content that is insanely contradictory.